The Best Cities In Egypt For The First Time Visitor

The country linking the north-east Africa with the Middle East dates back to the time of the pharaohs, but now has plenty of urban cities in Egypt.

cities in egypt - luxor

Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza’s colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. Home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities is the capital of the country, Cairo.

Here are the six most historic cities in Egypt.


Cairo, Egypt’s sprawling capital city is set on the Nile River. At its heart is the vast Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities including royal mummies and gilded King Tutankhamun artefacts. Get the panoramic city views atop the 187 m tall Cairo Tower at Gezira Island’s leafy Zamalek district.


Alexandria is a one of the Mediterranean port cities in Egypt. Home to a lighthouse ranking among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World was the city during the Hellenistic period. Today the old storied library takes a re-birth with disc-shaped, ultramodern Bibliotheca Alexandrina.

The city also has Greco-Roman landmarks, old-world cafes and sandy beaches. Its 15th-century seafront Qaitbay Citadel is now a museum.


Giza is an Egyptian city on the west bank of the Nile, near Cairo. Home to the iconic Egyptian monuments, the Giza Plateau has 3 tall pyramids built as royal mausoleums around the 26th century B.C. The largest, the Great Pyramid, is King Khufu’s tomb.

The Great Sphinx is a vast sculpture of a man’s head on a lion’s body. Get a sight of the cedar barge found buried near the Great Pyramid at the Solar Boat Museum.

Port Said

Marking its location at the northern end of the Suez Canal is this city offering glimpses into the past. Once the cosmopolitan trading hub, Port Said was the countries vice and sin. The allure of the yesteryear in itself enough to attract tourists but a walk on the boardwalk along the canal waterfront forms the prime attraction.

Not to miss is the only opportunity for casual visitors to ride the waters of this marvel of construction as one step on the free ferry that crosses the canal to the languid suburb of Port Fuad.


Dominating the region is the pride of Egypt, The Suez Canal which not only parts the mainland Egypt from Sinai but also Africa from Asia. The streets which once gave birth to new cities are today haunted by the fleeing grandeur and distinctive architecture swaying on picturesque disrepair.

Seen – Unseen by all, Suez will attract travelers having interest in Egypt’s modern history and those who enjoy the bits of former finery on display. For those touring with time up their sleeve will enjoy the true flavours of the slow pace of life that prevails throughout the city.


Set on the east bank of the Nile River in southern Egypt, in the Luxor city lie the ancient Thebes, the pharaohs’ capital. Surviving till date are the graceful Luxor Temple and Karnak Temple surrounded by the city. Sitting by the river bank are the rock cut tombs of the Pharaohs and dominating nobles of the New Kingdom.

In the Upper Egypt is another remarkable tourist spot, the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, an ancient funerary shrine? Travel through the history at The Colossi of Memnon where you will find the only remains of the ancient temple of King Amen the only remains of the ancient temple of King Amenhotep III.

A trip to Egypt is being in just another world. Here you get a realization of being in a place with unique visuals to treat your mind and soul with.

So why wait? Just pack and hop on a trip full of enjoyable moments with your family, friends and even solo.

Mohit Agarwal

Mohit Agarwal is a civil engineer by profession & started travel blogging to share his experiences while traveling to new places without any planned itinerary, as it adds up to more adventure & exploring more about the city. He also loves photography to capture natural views with no or minimal filters.

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